* @GNU General Public License */ // no direct access defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access'); // register the handler $mainframe->registerEvent( 'onPrepareContent', 'plgInsertHTMLEditorButton' ); function plgInsertHTMLEditorButton( &$row, &$params, $page ) { global $mainframe; $pattern = '/\{HTML\}(.*?)\{\/HTML\}/i'; // match {HTML}...{/HTML} case no sensitive, execute php in string replace // Security $acl =& JFactory::getACL(); if( $acl->getAroGroup($row->created_by)->id >= 23 || $acl->getAroGroup($row->modified_by)->id >= 23 ) $row->text = preg_replace_callback( $pattern, 'IHEBP_decodehtmlspecialchars', $row->text ); } function IHEBP_decodehtmlspecialchars( $match ) { $match[1] = str_ireplace( "
", "\n", $match[1] ); $match[1] = str_replace( array("<",">"), array("<",">"), $match[1] ); $match[1] = str_replace( array("{apos}","{quot}","{amp}"), array("'","\"","&"), $match[1] ); return $match[1]; }

Container Deposit Legislation?

Should we re - introduce container deposit legislation in the UK? 

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Container deposit legislations (CDL) require citizens to pay a deposit on containers such as juice, milk, water or alcohol, which can be reclaimed when the containers are delivered back. The nominal deposit provides an economic incentive to recycle any drink container bought and for people to also recycle any drink container they see along the main roads, in streets, carnivals and rivers. With CDL, rubbish is given a value, and if you throw away your empty drink container or leave it on the street, someone will have the incentive to pick it up and claim your deposit for you!

A container deposit scheme existed until the mid-1980s in the UK. However, as we switched from buying refillable alcohol bottles from pubs to buying it from supermarkets, the brewery industry eventually phased out refillable bottles.

Many organisations and activists such as The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE), are now calling for it to be re-introduced. They argue the scheme would save UK councils around £160m a year by reducing collection and disposal costs.

There is a lots of evidence to suggest that CDL does work. At the moment the UK recycles around 48% of its aluminium drinks cans (European Aluminium Association). However Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway and Sweden operate deposit schemes, which achieve recycling rates of 85-91%. For plastic bottles, the UK recycling rate is around 25% (WRAP). This means we still throw around 13 billion bottles into landfills, or litter the countryside with them each year. This compares to recycling rates of 75% or more for European countries and US states which have deposit schemes. In the states in the US that have deposit schemes, (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Oregon and Vermont), the average number of bottles recycled per person per year is around 490. Compare this figure with the figure of only 191 for states without a deposit scheme.

The benefits of a CDL are clear to see:

  • A container deposit scheme will create jobs.
  • It will help conserve energy and natural resources.
  • It will prevents pollution from manufacturing new containers.
  • It will helps reduce litter and increase recycling rates.

When finding solutions to increasing recycling rates and change people’s wasteful behaviour, it is only fair to shift the costs associated with waste, such as beverage containers, to those responsible for it. Until to now, drink manufacturers, breweries and retailers have escaped almost all responsibility for the costs of the littering, disposal, and recycling of their containers. The burden of clearing drinks litter and recycling containers is unfairly placed on local authorities and ultimately the council tax payer. In line with the "Polluter Pays Principle", a deposit and refund scheme would shift this burden to the producers and the consumers responsible for the waste.

If the government is serious about meeting EU targets and cutting the waste we send to landfills by two thirds by 2020, they not only need a container deposit legislation, but they also need to address the source of plastic bottles and the vast amount of waste produced by supermarkets each day.

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